Vocational interests of youth in Ecuador

Inventory of the Occupational Preferences of Youth

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This methodologically sound psychometric tool has been handed to Ecuadorian psychologists and teachers as a guide in the career counselling field. The tool will have a significant impact on the democratization of youth, assisting them to make well-targeted choices when planning their education and career.
The authors’ study may be viewed as pioneering work, due to its consideration of the significant cultural and geographic regional differentiation among graduates from the Pacific coast, the Andes, the Amazon rainforest and the Galapagos Islands.
Reaching to the classics of literature on the subject (primarily Holland, Super, Prediger and Strong), the authors have performed a momentous work, which is the construction of a psychometric tool that will be helpful in diagnosing career interests in the entire population of Ecuadorian youth.
Worth additional acknowledgement are the high reliability indicators of the career interests questionnaire conducted on a representative and large study group, as well as the defined psychometric accuracy of the scale.
This publication makes a civilizational quantum leap in the education of Ecuadorian youth, guaranteeing them a career choice that corresponds to their interests and ambitions. This pioneering publication on the Polish and world markets confirms the fact that Polish psychologists have the capability to „export” the psychometric school of thought to the Latin American region, with all of the scientific, social and humanitarian consequences involved.


Liczba stron176
WydawcaWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
ISBN-13978-83-8088-864-7
Numer wydania1
Język publikacjiangielski
Informacja o sprzedawcyePWN sp. z o.o.

Ciekawe propozycje

Spis treści

  Introduction    7
  1. The context of occupational guidance in Ecuador    11
  1.1. New challenges of the labor market in Ecuador    13
  1.2. Cultural diversity as a challenge for vocational guidance in Ecuador    19
  1.3. Ecuadorian youth in the school to work transition    23
  1.4. Youth passivity and work instability in the labor market    24
  1.5. Need for tools in occupational guidance in Ecuador    26
  1.6. Legal aspects of professional guidance in Ecuador    27
  2. Determinants and correlates of career choice    31
  2.1. Physical constitution and health in professional choices    33
  2.2. How does temperament influence occupational choices?    35
  2.3. Ability as an occupational success predictor    37
  2.4. Interests as personality traits    42
  2.5. Beliefs and values as vocational preferences predictors    44
  2.6. Personality and vocation    48
  2.7. Stages of career development    53
  2.8. Career decisions of youth    57
  3. Theoretical background of the IPPJ questionnaire     61
  3.1. The theory of John Holland     61
  3.2. Beyond the RIASEC code letters: Diagnostic aspects of the profile    65
  3.2.1. Congruence of professional interests    66
  3.2.2. Consistency of professional interests    67
  3.2.3. Differentiation of vocational interests    70
  3.2.4. Identity and vocational interest     72
  3.3. Prediger’s Model of work environment classification     73
  3.4. Typology of jobs according to Holland and Prediger    75
  4. The design of the questionnaire    79
  4.1. The construction of the pilot version    80
  4.1.1. The pilot study    81
  4.1.2. The validity study    85
  4.1.3. The validity study of the 60 item version     92
  4.1.4. Confirmatory Factor Analysis    99
  4.1.5. The reliability of the IPPJ scale     101
  4.1.6. Internal reliability scale: Duplicated items in “Lay key”    105
  4.1.7. Reliability as test-retest stability of the IPPJ scores    107
  4.1.8. Construct validity study through the analysis of intergroup differences    111
  4.1.9. Degree of diversity and intensity of interest    116
  5. Normalization procedure and analysis    119
  6. Scales’ scores calculation    123
  7. In the search of new techniques for vocational guidance practice    125
  Conclusions    129
  Bibliography    131
  Appendices    141
  Appendix 1. The pilot version of the IPPJ (120 items)    143
  Appendix 2. Answer sheet for the pilot version IPPJ (120 items)    149
  Appendix 3. The key of the pilot version scales (120 items)    151
  Appendix 4. Items of the final version (60) with type codes after Factor Analysis of the pilot version (120)     152
  Appendix 5. The final version of the INVENTARIO DE PREFERENCIAS PROFESIONALES DE JÓVENES (IPPJ) (60 items)    155
  Appendix 6. The key of the IPPJ (final version)    159
  Appendix 7. The translation of the IPPJ items from Spanish into English    160
  Appendix 8. Sten norms for vocational interests of girls (N = 962) (R, S, E, C scales)    163
  Appendix 9. Sten norms (R, S, E, C) for professional interests of boys (N = 970)    164
  Appendix 10. Sten norms (I, E) for professional interests for girls and boys (N = 1932)    165
  Appendix 11. Sten norms for Holland’s Differentiation indicators    166
  Appendix 12. Sten norms for Iachan’s Differentiation indicators    167
  Appendix 13. Sten norms for the Intensity Indicators    168
  Appendix 14: The answer sheet: the table profile or/and the hexagon profile    169
  List of figures    171
  List of tables    173
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