This book presents a corpus-based study of verbs used in expressions of fictive motion, which refers to the cognitive-linguistic phenomenon of describing material objects incapable of movement in terms of motion over their configuration in space. The study focuses specifically on the category of coextension paths, which are used to describe the form, orientation, or location of a spatially extended object in terms of a path over the object’s extent. The analysis, carried out using the British National Corpus, indicates that in English only a fraction of motion verbs are used consistently to express coextension paths, and that some of them are used for this purpose far more systematically than others.
A holographic image of structuring coextension paths that emerges from the linguistic data indicates that whereas directional motion verbs tend to be used in fictive motion to express bounded paths, directions, and routes, verbs of motion manner are employed to specify shapes constituting subjective counterparts of spatial contours of actual motion. Moreover, depending on the particular use and the wider linguistic context, certain coextension path expressions can be interpreted as a result of conceptual blending, which fuses multiple facets of motion via a common communicative platform established dynamically in discourse.
From the perspective of the analysis, these interpretations are not mutually irreconcilable. The evocation of a particular conceptualization triggered by the semantic attributes conflated in a verb and its satellites is likely to depend not only on individual comprehension strategies, but also on the degree of cultural-linguistic conventionalization of certain fictive motion patterns established through the processes of language acquisition and social transfer.


Liczba stron278
WydawcaWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
ISBN-13978-83-8142-383-0
Numer wydania1
Język publikacjiangielski
Informacja o sprzedawcyRavelo Sp. z o.o.

Ciekawe propozycje

Spis treści

  Figures    10
  Tables    11
  Introduction    13
  
  Chapter 1. Motion in language and cognition    23
  1.1 Motion in natural philosophy    23
  1.2 Ties among time, space, and motion    29
  1.3 Primacy of movement in cognition    34
  1.4 Image schemas    36
  1.5 Basic image schemas of motion    39
  1.6 Beyond basic schemas of motion    44
  1.7 Lexicalization patterns of motion events    48
  1.8 Influence of lexicalization patterns on cognitive processes    51
  1.9 Types of motion beyond lexicalization patterns    54
  
  Chapter 2. Cognitive linguistic models of fictive motion    59
  2.1 Linguistic fictivity    59
  2.2 Fictive motion as sequential/summary scanning    66
  2.3 Talmy’s account of coextension paths    71
  2.4 The relation of fictive motion to metaphor    76
  2.5 Fictive motion as conceptual integration    78
  2.6 Coextension paths as expressions of state    81
  2.7 Structuring fictive motion across languages    87
  2.8 Conceptual motivation of fictive motion    94
  
  Chapter 3. Cognitive processing of fictive motion    97
  3.1 Fictive motion as mental simulation    97
  3.2 Psycholinguistic experiments    101
  3.3 Drawing studies    105
  3.4 Influence on temporal construal    107
  3.5 Eye-tracking experiments    111
  3.6 Insights from brain studies    116
  
  Chapter 4. Cognitive corpus-based linguistic approach to fictive motion    123
  4.1 Cognitive linguistics    123
  4.2 Corpus linguistics    127
  4.3 Corpus-based cognitive semantics    130
  4.4 Corpora in linguistic studies    132
  4.5 Corpus linguistic workbench    134
  4.5.1 The British National Corpus    135
  4.5.2 WordNet    136
  4.5.3 VerbNet    138
  4.6 Retrieving fictive motion expressions from corpora    139
  
  Chapter 5. Directionality in fictive motion    141
  5.1 Cognitive encoding of directionality    141
  5.2 Semantic models of directionality    146
  5.3 Directionality in linguistic encoding of motion    148
  5.4 Directional motion verbs    151
  5.5 Directionality in fictive motion expressions    155
  5.5.1 Research methodology    156
  5.5.2 Source/goal verbs    158
  5.5.3 Unbounded path verbs    161
  5.5.4 Route verbs    164
  5.5.5 Constant verbs    166
  5.5.6 Deictic verbs    168
  5.6 Directionality in fictive motion    172
  Appendix to Chapter 5    177
  
  Chapter 6. Manner and instrument in fictive motion    179
  6.1 Manner in motion semantics    179
  6.2 Semantic models of motion manner    182
  6.3 Verbs of motion manner    186
  6.4 Empirical studies on motion manner    190
  6.5 Polysemy of motion manner verbs    192
  6.6 Motion manner verbs in fictive motion    193
  6.6.1 Research methodology    195
  6.6.2 Verbs of rolling    197
  6.6.3 Verbs of walking    201
  6.6.4 Verbs of running    203
  6.6.5 Verbs of unsteady movement    206
  6.7 Manner semantics in fictive motion    208
  6.8 Entanglement of manner and instrument    211
  6.9 Instrumental motion verbs in fictive motion    213
  6.10 Instrumentality in fictive motion    215
  Appendix to Chapter 6    217
  
  Observations and conclusions    221
  7.1 Frequency of verbs in fictive motion    221
  7.2 Generic verbs of fictive motion    223
  7.3 Paths and shapes    226
  7.4 Beyond paths and shapes in fictive motion    229
  7.5 Conclusions    233
  
  Bibliography    237
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