Seat of the company in private international law. Selected issues

Seat of the company in private international law. Selected issues

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The aim of the book is to attempt an interpretation of the term ‘legal person’s seat’ used by the legislator in Article 17 and 19 of the Polish Private International Law Act. My hypothesis is that the correct interpretation is the one in which this term is construed as the so-called registered office. This means a radical change to the so-called real seat concept assumed in the effective acts so far. Moreover, it generates risks which have not been known to Polish legal system. Consequently, a vast section of the book will be devoted to relevant mitigating measures. The change of the connecting factor applicable to the personal status of a company is a complex process, which does not end with adoption of a new act or the determination of what is referred to in the German doctrine as herrschende Meinung. To operate effectively, the entire system will require not only an extensive doctrinal analysis of the issues related to conflict of laws in company law (particularly the scope of interference of the public order clause and provisions classified as overriding mandatory provisions), but also the subsequent actions of the Polish legislator – such as adoption of the act on pseudo-foreign companies or the passing of necessary amendments to provisions governing company registration. The book will include in-depth analysis of aforementioned institutions and proposals of changes and amendments. Finally the issue of transfer of company’s seat (both factual and registered) will be analyzed.


Liczba stron144
WydawcaWydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza
ISBN-13978-83-232-3290-2
Język publikacjipolski
Informacja o sprzedawcyRavelo Sp. z o.o.

Ciekawe propozycje

Spis treści

  Preface    9
  Chapter I
  Legal person’s seat in the context of conflict of law     11
  1. Introduction    11
  2. Arguments in favour of the interpretation of the term ‘legal person’s seat’ in Article 17(1) of the Private International Law Act of 4 February 2011 as the so-called registered offic    14
  3. Arguments supporting the interpretation of the term ‘legal person’s seat’ in Article 17(1) of the Private International Law Act of 4 February 2011 as the so-called real seat     21
  4. Position regarding the interpretation of Article 17(1) of the Private International Law Act of 4 February 2011 in relation to the EU and EEA Member States    26
  5. The seat connecting factor and third states     29
  6. Measures mitigating risks for the security of legal transactions arising from the adoption of the registered office connecting facto    34
    6.1. Public order clause    34
    6.2. A discussion of selected Polish mandatory rules in the area of company law    36
    6.3. Special act on pseudo-foreign companies    42
  7. Summary    47
  
  Chapter II
  Cross-border transfer of a Polish company’s registered office abroa    49
  1. Introduction    49
  2. De lege lata status of EU law    51
  3. De lege lata status of Polish international law    57
    3.1. General comments    57
    3.2. Preservation of legal personality    58
    3.3. Hypothesis on systemic importance of Article 19(1) of the Private International Law Act of 4 February 2011    63
    3.4. The moment of the transfer of seat to another state    65
    3.5. Another state    67
    3.6. Summary    68
  4. The de lege lata status of Polish substantive law. An assessment of the com-pliance of Article 270(2) and Article 459(2) of the Code of Commercial Companies of 15 September 2000 with the freedom
  of establishment     69
    4.1. A brief description of regulations    69
    4.2. An assessment of the compliance of Article 270(2) and Article 459(2) of the Code of Commercial Companies of 15 September 2000 with the free-dom of establishment    71
  5. De lege ferenda cross-border transfer of a company’s registered offic    82
    5.1. Applicability of the directive    82
    5.2. Effects of cross-border seat transfer    83
    5.3. Management board report and transfer plan    83
    5.4. Decision of the shareholders meeting    84
    5.5. Verification of legality of the transfer procedure. Registration in the hostcountry    84
    5.6. Protective measures    85
    5.7. Employees’ participation in managing the company    85
  6. Summary    86
  
  Chapter III
  Cross-border transfer of the seat of a foreign company to Poland    88
  1. Introduction    88
  2. The admissibility of cross-border conversion by the law of the emigration state    90
  3. Compliance with the requirements of the law of the emigration state    93
  4. The adjustment of the legal form of the immigrating company to the requirements of Polish law     95
    4.1. Adjustment of the legal form and Anpassung    97
    4.2. The lack of equivalence of a foreign notarial form    98
    4.3. Adjustment of the company’s seat and business name    100
    4.4. Adjustment of the company’s internal organisation    101
  5. Analogous application of Articles 551-58413 of the Code of Commercial Companies of 15 September 2000    103
    5.1. Incorporating entry into the register. Removal from the foreign register    105
    5.2. Entry of the foreign company as the legal predecessor of the converted company    106
  6. Summary    108
  
  Chapter IV
  Judgment by the Court of Justice of the European Union of 25 October 2017 in the case C-106/16 Polbud – Wykonawstwo sp. z o.o., in liquidation and its influenceon European company and private international law    110
  1. Critical remarks to the opinion of Advocate General Kokott issued in the case C-106/16 Polbud-Wykonawstwo sp. z o.o., in liquidation    110
    1.1. Introduction    110
    1.2. The extent of applicability of the freedom of establishment    112
    1.3. Polbud Wykonawstwo as a company in liquidation    114
    1.4. Restriction of the freedom of establishment    115
      1.4.1. Protection of creditors    116
      1.4.2. Protection of minority shareholders    119
      1.4.2. Protection of employees    120
    1.5. Summary    122
  2. Judgment of 25 October 2017 – early impressions    123
    2.1. Preliminary remarks    123
    2.2. Reasoning of the Court: criteria for application of freedom of establish-ment. Setting aside Cadbury Schweppes. Party autonomy with respect to law applicable to companies. Critical analysis    123
      2.2.1. Reasoning of the Court    123
      2.2.2. Critical analysis    125
  3. Reasoning of the Court: incompatibility of Article 270 (2) and Article 459 (2) of the Code of Commercial Companies of 15 September 2000 with the Treaty. Critical analysis    127
    3.1. Reasoning of the Court    127
    3.2. Critical analysis    128
  Bibliography    132
  Siedziba spółki w prawie prywatnym międzynarodowym. Zagadnienia wybrane (Streszczenie)    143
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