The V4 Towards Migration Challenges in Europe

An Analysis and Recommendations

1 opinia



The culmination of the large-scale influx of migrants in the European area in 2015 and 2016 has not only led to severe pressure on the affected countries - transit countries as well as countries of destination - but also to the questioning of fundamental achievements of the European Union such as the freedom of movement. The migrant crisis also shed light on pressing issues still in need of satisfying responses reflecting reality, such as the case of the revision of the 1951 Geneva Convention on the status of refugees and the Dublin Ili Regulation setting forth that an asylum application needs to be filed in the first country of entry. Not only did the crisis reveal already existing ruptures between Western and Eastern Europe, but it also showed that the European Union as such is incapable of taking firm and swift decisions regarding the protection of its own borders and citizens against an unprecedented influx of irregular migrants - many of them without official documents. Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia are all sceptical towards the idea of positivist humanitarian approach towards migrations and introducing limits on accepting refugees for each EU state. Such reluctance derives from many different aspects, from political and geopolitical to social and cultural. Does V4 region is in fact threatened by migration crisis? lt is evident, that Hungary being the transit state can face significant threats. However, none of those states have the status of settlement countries or long-standing destinations.

Liczba stron238
WydawcaWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
Numer wydania1
Język publikacjiangielski
Informacja o sprzedawcyePWN sp. z o.o.

Ciekawe propozycje

Spis treści

  Introduction (Anna Kobierecka, Martin Riegl)    9
  Chapter 1. Migration as a Political and Public Phenomenon: The Case of Czech Republic (Jan Bečka, Bohumil Doboš, Filip Gantner, Jakub Landovský, Lenka Pítrová, Martin Riegl, Scarlett Waitzmanová)    29
  1.1. Introduction: Scene-setter    30
  1.2. The Czech Asylum and Migration Policies within the EU Framework    32
  1.2.1. The EU Asylum Policy Framework    32
  1.2.2. The Refugee Legal Framework in the Czech Republic    34
  1.2.3. A Closer Look into the Rights and Duties of the Asylum Seekers and Seekers of International Protection    38
  1.2.4. Conclusions: Reaction to the Migration Crisis and Its Reflection in the Legislation    39
  1.2.5. The Enhancement of the Procedure Leading to the Decision on Granting the Asylum and for the Judicial Review    42
  1.2.6. The Relocation of Refugees    43
  1.2.7. The Issue of Detentions    43
  1.2.8. Additional Crisis Management Measure    44
  1.2.9. Current Legal Problems and the Possible Way Ahead    45
  1.3. Integration Policies and Programmes of the Czech Government – Key Documents and Responsible Institutions    45
  1.3.1. The Basic Principles of the Czech Migration and Integration Policy    46
  1.3.2. The Humanitarian and Development Aid in the Migration Context    50
  1.4. The Perception of Migrants/Refugees in the Czech Republic and the Impact of the Migration Crisis on the Czech Political Scene    51
  1.4.1. The Perception of Migrants/Refugees among the General Public in the Czech Republic     52
  1.4.2. Migration as a Topic of the General Political Discourse in the Czech Republic    54
  1.5. The Czech Republic and the Reactions to the Migration Crisis on the International Scene    58
  1.5.1. The Visegrad Group (V4), the Czech Presidency and Its Activities on the EU Level    59
  1.5.2. The Alternative V4 Plan (“Plan B”)    72
  1.5.3. The Regional Outreach – CEDC, the Salzburg Forum and Their Significance    75
  1.5.4. The Practical Assistance Provided by the Czech Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the Czech Army to Deal with the Migration Crisis (as of 31 December 2016)    77
  1.5.5. The Contribution of the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic and the Czech Police in Dealing with Migration Crisis    78
  1.6. Conclusion    80
  Chapter 2. Migration as a Political and Public Phenomenon: The Case of Hungary (Sándor Gallai, Dániel Horváth, Hanga Horváth-Sántha)    83
  2.1. Introduction    84
  2.2. Migration Policy    91
  2.2.1. The EU Asylum Policy Framework    91 Asylum Outlook    91 Aliens Policing Outlook    95 Citizenship and National Policy Outlook     97
  2.2.2. Institutional Framework: Main Stakeholders and Reception Facilities    98
  2.2.3. Other Policies    101
  2.2.4. Social Integration of Migrants and Refugees    106 Labour Market Integration of Migrants in Hungary    108 Migrant and State Strategies towards Integration    110 The Hungarian Law on Asylum    111 Social Integration of Refugees and Persons Entitled to International Protection in Practice    113
  2.3. Public Attitude    113
  2.4. Political Implications    118
  2.4.1. The Evolution of the Party System    118
  2.4.2. Party Positions on Immigration    123 Fidesz    124 Jobbik    130 Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)    133 Other Parliamentary Parties    136
  2.4.3. The Quota Referendum    140
  2.4.4. The Dynamics of Party Contest in the Area of Migration    144
  2.5. Conclusions    147
  Chapter 3. Migration as a Political and Public Phenomenon: The Case of Poland (Anna Kobierecka, Michał Kobierecki, Robert Łoś, Michał Rulski)    149
  3.1. Introduction    150
  3.2. Migration Policy in Poland     152
  3.2.1. Legal Framework    152
  3.2.2. Institutional Framework    156 The Ministry of the Interior and Administration    156 The Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy    157
  3.2.3. Other Polish Policies Addressing Migration    157
  3.2.4. Social Integration    158 The Legal Framework of the Polish Integration System    159 Shortcomings of Polish Integration Policy    164
  3.3. Public Attitude    165
  3.4. Political Implitacions    173
  3.4.1. Polish Political Parties before the 2015 Elections    174
  3.4.2. Polish Political Parties after the 2015 Elections    181
  3.4.3. Polish Political Parties and Their Attitude towards Migrants after the 2015 Elections    183
  3.4.4. Final Remarks    185
  3.5. Conclusions     187
  Chapter 4. Migration as a Political and Public Phenomenon: The Case of Slovak Republic (Martina Bolečekova, Barbora Olejarova)    191
  4.1. Introduction    192
  4.1.1. Forced Migration: Refugees and Asylum Seekers    193
  4.1.2. Illegal Immigration    195
  4.2. Migration Policy    198
  4.2.1. Legal Framework    198
  4.2.2. Institutional Framework     201
  4.2.3. Social Integration    203
  4.2.4. Other Policies    205
  4.2.5. The Slovak Presidency of the EU Council    207
  4.2.6. Slovakia’s Position on the Quota System    209
  4.3. Public Attitudes    211
  4.4. Political Implications    215
  4.5. Conclusions     224
  4.5.1. SR-V4 Cooperation    225
  4.5.2. SR-EU Relations    225
  Conclusions (Sándor Gallai)    227
  Notes about Authors    235
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